Migration in Cambodia

Report of the Cambodian Rural Urban Migration Project

No. of pages: 187

Publication date: August 2012

Author: Ministry of Planning

Download

Over the last two decades, migration to the city of Phnom Penh, the country's capital city of Cambodia has been rapid. Cambodians have seen their capital grow by leaps and bounds every year. While Cambodia remains predominantly a rural country, enormous numbers of late have been streaming into Phnom Penh from rural areas in all corners of the country.

While rural Cambodia may seem far removed from corporate offices in Japan, Korea, China, Europe and the United States, looking at migration out of rural Cambodia provides a sense of the impact that globalization can have on a small developing country. This is seen in the pouring out of individuals from rural Cambodia into jobs within the burgeoning number of giant garment factories that now surround the city of Phnom Penh, taking the place of what was agricultural land not long ago.

The garment industry is now a major employer in Cambodia. Tourism in the country has been booming as people from all parts of the world flock to visit Cambodia's unique cultural sights.