With 22 % aged between 15 and 24 years, Cambodia has the youngest population in Southeast Asia. Young people face many sexual and reproductive health concerns such as sexually transmitted infections, unwanted pregnancies, unsafe abortion, STIs, HIV and AIDS. These health concerns are exacerbated by the lack of sexual and reproductive health information, knowledge, youth friendly services, poor education attainment, and rural to urban migration for employment often placing young people at a social and economic disadvantage, especially those living in rural areas.
One aim of this report was to describe the current state of the sexual and reproductive health of adolescents and youth in Cambodia and this was achieved through the analysis of data on young women aged 15-24 years from the four Cambodian Demographic and Health Surveys (CDHS) conducted in 2000, 2005, 2010 and 2014. The number of young women marrying before the age of 20 years decreased between 2000 and 2014 although early marriage remains more prevalent in rural areas compared with urban areas.
Rates of teenage marriage among young men have remained relatively constant across the survey years. Females report that sexual intercourse prior to marriage is rare while we see a steady increase in pre-marital sex with age among young males.